Minor offenders could plead guilty and pay fines online under justice reforms
- Credit: PA
Rail and bus fare dodgers will be able to plead guilty and pay fines on the internet without attending court under justice reforms.
Other cases which could be subject to the new regime include TV licence evasion, fly-tipping and speeding.
Ministers are planning to introduce a system which will allow some low-level offences to be dealt with entirely online.
The proposed scheme is expected to go live in around 18 months, starting with transport fare-dodging.
It is part of efforts to streamline the magistrates' courts system, which handles around 890,000 minor cases every year which cannot attract a prison sentence and in which there is no identifiable victim.
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In 2014/15 there were more than 90,000 prosecutions for alleged tram, train and bus fare evasion.
Officials say many of the low-level cases that come before magistrates' courts are relatively simple, and could be dealt with in a more proportionate way.
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The plans would see defendants log on to an online system to see the evidence against them before entering a plea.
If they plead guilty, they would be able to opt in to an online system allowing them to view the penalty, accept the conviction and penalty, and pay their fine.
This would allow defendants to conclude their case faster and with greater certainty, and means magistrates and courts can focus their resources where they are most needed, the Ministry of Justice said.
Those who wish to plead not guilty would go to court as normal. Anyone who wants to plead guilty but with mitigating circumstances will also be able to go before a magistrates' court.
The measure is part of a £1 billion modernisation drive to be outlined in a joint paper from Justice Secretary and Norfolk MP Liz Truss, the senior president of tribunals Sir Ernest Ryder, and Lord Chief Justice Lord Thomas of Cwmgiedd.
In another step, vulnerable victims and witnesses will no longer have to appear in court under plans to roll out pre-trial evidence sessions.
Cross-examinations will be recorded and played during the trial, sparing victims and witnesses the stress of reliving traumatic events in open court.
It follows pilot programmes at Crown Courts in Liverpool, Leeds and Kingston-upon-Thames.
The joint paper will also set out plans to make the system more straightforward by reducing legal jargon.
Ms Truss said: 'We want a justice system that works for everyone. That means creating a system that is just, efficient and simple.
'We have the tools and the technology to cut unnecessary paperwork, to deliver swifter justice and to make the experience more straightforward.
'Most importantly these reforms will allow us to better protect victims and witnesses who can find the experience of reliving a traumatic event in court incredibly stressful.'
Lucy Hastings, director of charity Victim Support, said: 'We know that aggressive questioning of witnesses in a packed courtroom can be an extremely stressful experience, especially for those who are vulnerable.
'A nationwide roll-out of this scheme would help ensure that vulnerable victims have access to the specialist support they need, so that they are able to give their best evidence and get the justice they deserve.'