SCOTTISH REFERENDUM LIVE: Scotland has voted NO to independence
- Credit: PA
Results from the Scottish Independence elections as they come in.
Scotland has rejected independence, after the result in Fife - where 114,148 voted Yes and 139,788 No - made the result a mathematical certainty.
While Glasgow voted in favour of independence, the margin of victory was not large enough to give Alex Salmond and his campaign the momentum they need.
There were also wins for Yes in three of Scotland's 32 local authority areas - Dundee, West Dunbartonshire and North Lanarkshire.
First Minister Alex Salmond's deputy Nicola Sturgeon conceded defeat with a handful of results still to be declared.
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The Deputy First Minister told the BBC there was a 'real sense of disappointment that we have fallen narrowly short of securing a Yes vote'.
Prime Minister David Cameron revealed on Twitter he had congratulated Alistair Darling, the leader of the cross party Better Together campaign.
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Mr Cameron said: 'I've spoken to Alistair Darling - and congratulated him on a well-fought campaign.'
Scottish First Minister Mr Salmond tweeted: 'Well done to Glasgow and to the people of Scotland for such incredible support.'
SNP MP Pete Wishart said on Twitter: 'Obviously disappointed but congratulate the No campaign and will work with them and my fellow Scots to make my nation a better place.'
While there was a comfortable majority for Yes in Dundee, the turnout in the city was 78.8% - lower than many other parts of Scotland, indicating that the Yes campaign has not managed to get voters out in sufficient numbers.
The turnout in Glasgow was even lower at 75%, with 194,779 Yes votes (53.49%) and 169,347 No votes (46.51%).
HOW THE RESULTS UNFOLDED
In the first result of the Scottish independence referendum, Clackmannanshire voted No by a margin of 19,036 to 16,350.
Orkney was the second area in Scotland to declare, with No votes outnumbering Yes by a margin of two to one.
Support for No came in at 10,004 while 4,883 people in the islands backed independence.
The Western Isles voted No to independence by a margin of 10,544 to 9,195.
The Shetland Islands voted No by 9,951 votes to 5,669.
Inverclyde has voted no to independence by 27,329 to 27,243 in the closest result of the count so far.
Yes Scotland won its first polling area in the referendum, as Dundee voted in favour of independence by a margin of more than 13,000.
Voters in West Dunbartonshire cast 33,720 ballots for Yes and 28,776 for No.
East Lothian is a firm No. 27,467 voted yes, 44, 283 against.
Midlothian is also a No, 26,370 in favour and 33,972 against.
Renfrewshire saw 55,466 vote yes but 62,067 no. A clear No victory.
In Stirling, No scooped 37,153 votes, well ahead of Yes on 25,010.
In Falkirk, Yes 50,489 and No 58,030.
The vote in Angus was won by No, with 45,192 votes against 35,044 for Yes.
In Dumfries and Galloway, No won a convincing majority with 70,039 votes against 36,614 for Yes.
In East Renfrewshire, No won 41,690 votes, compared to 24,287 for Yes.
In East Dunbarton No wins by 48,314 votes to 30,324.
In Aberdeen No wins by 84,220 to 59,390.
In North Lanarkshire, the Yes campaign scooped its third polling area, taking 115,783, compared to 110,922 for No.
In South Lanarkshire, the No campaign won 121,800 votes to beat the Yes camp with 100,990.
The Perth and Kinross area recorded 62,714 votes for No and 41,475 for Yes.
Scottish Borders voted No by 55,553 to the Yes tally of 27,906.
Glasgow votes Yes by 194,779 votes to 169,347.
In North Ayrshire, No won a slim majority, taking 49,016 votes against 47,072 for Yes.
South Ayrshire voted No with 47,247 votes, compared to 34,402 for Yes.
In East Ayrshire, there was a majority for No, with 44,442 votes, compared to 39,762 for Yes.
The No campaign won a majority in Scottish capital Edinburgh, with 194,638 votes against 123,927 for Yes.
The Argyll & Bute result was 37,143 votes for No, compared to 26,324 for Yes.
Scotland has voted against independence, as the result in Fife - where 114,148 voted Yes and 139,788 No - made the result a mathematical certainty.